23 Eco Friendly Building Materials For A Sustainable Home

Ogbo Godfrey

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Eco Friendly Building Materials

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Do you need a comprehensive list of eco friendly building materials? If so, kindly read on.

The climate has changed dramatically in recent years; thus, adapting our lifestyles is more crucial than ever. The necessity of improving our care of the world is much more pressing. The construction sector as a whole has to shift its attention to greener methods of construction.

There are several ways we may improve our health and our planet’s health by changing how we shop. Investing in environmentally friendly materials is one way to promote sustainability in the realm of sustainable building practices.

We can use eco-friendly construction materials repeatedly without degrading or releasing harmful chemicals into the environment. Although we still have a long way to go, environmentally friendly materials are now available for building everywhere.

This blog compiles a few excellent examples of green building supplies. Check them out and see if you can use them for your next building project.

Eco Friendly Building Materials

It is essential to consider not just who manufactured the goods, but also what it’s composed of. We have listed 23 eco-friendly items that can help you cut down on emissions.

1. Bamboo 

Eco Friendly Building Materials

With bamboo’s durability and aesthetic appeal, you can give your house an appearance that is all your own. Regarding building materials, bamboo ranks at the top for its versatility and resilience.

Builders may also utilize it for structural and aesthetic purposes because of its adaptability.  These among others are what makes it to feature on the list of the top eco friendly building materials.

Because it is a tree that you may find in many different climates, bamboo is readily available and easy to get.

These top choices are flooring, cabinets, and furniture made from this fast-growing plant. Bamboo may be a specialized building material, but it’s also an environmentally friendly option for the long haul.

It is a common building material in Asia, where it is utilized for various applications, including roofing, walling, scaffolding, flooring, and adornment. Because of its rapid growth, a full bamboo forest may be replanted in as little as three to five years, making it an environmentally friendly choice.

2. Reclaimed Wood

Flooring, panelling, and other ornamental features are possible uses for wood salvaged from ancient buildings or furniture. It can be repurposed or left in natural forms, such as furniture, worktops, kitchen cabinets, flooring, or roof beams.

Anything made from wood that has previously served another purpose is considered “reclaimed wood,” including old doors and discarded furniture. Simply put, it is a sustainable substance since it’s both renewable and non-toxic.

Reclaimed wood has distinct characteristics and would be a waste if burned as fuel.

3. Mycelium

Mushroom roots are a sustainable source of material that may be utilized as insulation or even for building. Mycelium fungus has the potential to revolutionize the way we think about the relationship between mushrooms and structure.

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This substance is a fungus with roots that thrives in damp soil and on decaying wood trunks. When dry, it is resistant to flames, embers, and mildew.

Mycelium, like bamboo, is biodegradable and produces minimal waste while having a negligible environmental impact.

You can use Mycelium to make bricks, which can then be utilized to create structures and their components, along with other resources like wood, sawdust, and demolition debris.

Eco Friendly Building Materials

4. Recycled Steel

Steel recycling has proven particularly useful in the eco-friendly building industry. Almost all structural steel used in construction is now recycled rather than sent to landfills during demolition. 

Rebar steel, made from iron, is used to add strength to a building in a manner analogous to bamboo. Using recycled steel instead of mining for raw materials saves significant resources. It also reduces pollution caused by the steelmaking process. 

The energy required to manufacture a steel can from recycled materials is 75% less than that needed to manufacture the same can from raw materials. As well as being used for framing and roofing, this material is versatile as siding.

5. Cork

This eco-friendly material works well for insulation and flooring. Cork is one of the most sustainable and environmentally friendly materials available. The cork bark is easily removed by hand without harming the tree. A house insulated with cork will be considered a frame house.

Cork may be harvested from living trees by simply peeling their bark; this leaves the tree intact and able to produce more cork in the future. It is native to and primarily collected in Europe. This material is mainly used for constructing ceiling panels, acoustic walls, home accessories, and flooring. 

You may find cork panels and boards in hardware stores. In the winter, corkboard insulation can reduce the need for heating by a significant amount.

6. Recycled Plastics

Almost eight million pieces of plastic enter the sea every day. Throwing away plastic is bad for animals and the environment. Plastic recycling is crucial when it comes to reducing the spread of disease and improving air quality in landfills.

However, recycled plastic sheets and plastic planks might be sustainable building solutions with less negative effects. It is essential to remember that house insurance might be challenging for plastic constructions because they are typically viewed as non-standard homes.

7. Natural Stone

Stone is made from natural materials that last a long time with little upkeep. It is a flexible material for various applications, including lighting, cookware, flooring, countertops, home accessories, bathrooms, etc. 

Stone is both a durable and sustainable option for construction. Stone buildings are long-lasting and beneficial to the environment, and the remaining stone may be utilized for decorative purposes. You can still find stone buildings from centuries ago in excellent condition. 

They are durable and resistant to the elements, making them ideal for outdoor applications such as walls, stairs, floors, etc.  Its durability and resistance to natural disasters mean it’ll be cheap to insure.

8. Straw Bale

Straw bale is another environmentally friendly option for constructing a home or other structure due to its high insulating value. They can also be used as a kind of soundproofing.

Straw bale walls that are not load-bearing can also be used as filler between columns.

As they trap air, straw bales help slow the spread of fire. After construction, most straw bale houses have a plaster finish. According to some research, this plaster makes straw bale dwellings safer from fires than conventional constructions. Its one-of-a-kind eco-friendly construction is equally cost-effective and long-lasting. 

9. Cordwood

In cases when readily available wood is abundant, cordwood buildings are highly recommended. For this to work, you’ll need to use small, rounded wood pieces stacked vertically across the breadth and glued together with a particular mortar mix. 

The materials are durable, safe for the environment, and aesthetically pleasing. The price of cordwood is well-known to be relatively low. In reality, due to its low cost and ease of building, cordwood masonry became widely used during the Great Depression.

A cordwood house may provide excellent thermal and airtight insulation when appropriately constructed. It can also be easily modified to use passive solar design principles. Consider cordwood building if you want a warm and inviting cabin.

Eco-Friendly Building Materials

10. Earth Bags

These natural materials sometimes referred to as sandbags, are created by filling them with dirt and stacking them like bricklaying. You may use them to build a house or other kind of walls.

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Places like military bases, the edges of waterways, and other resource banks often have these kinds of buildings. Bags of earth are used in their construction. Thus the natural combination may be sourced from the area, making these houses more sustainable.

11. Recycled Glass

Along with wood, glass is a sustainable construction material that you can recycle repeatedly. It is usually combined to make a material similar to concrete, which can then be used to make blocks, panels, or building molds.

You can use it for new windows, tiles, furniture, and fixtures. Using green and amber glass from recycled beer bottles creates an iridescent look.

12. Ferrock

Ferrock is an eco-friendly alternative to traditional construction materials, and it is made from recycled steel and carbon dioxide. Steel dust and other recyclables are combined with cement-like ingredients to form Ferrock. It includes steel as a primary component and is even more durable than concrete. 

As a construction material, ferrock offers several benefits. As it is sturdy, long-lasting, and resistant to fire, you can use it for structural components like pillars and walls. As it is produced from recycled industrial byproducts, it aids in preventing landfill overcrowding.

13. Low-VOC Paints

VOCs are detrimental to humans and the environment, but low VOC paints have fewer. Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) included in color combine with sunlight and nitrogen oxide to produce ozone, which poses serious health risks to building occupants. 

High quantities of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) were commonly used in traditional paint formulations, which have been linked to air pollution. It has also been linked to various health concerns, including headaches, dizziness, and respiratory disorders. Many manufacturers today provide a wide variety of VOC-free paints.

These eco-friendly building materials have water-based and oil-based variations. They may be used on drywall, ceilings, and molding, among other surfaces.

14. Hempcrete

Hempcrete is an eco-friendly and sustainable alternative to conventional building materials. It’s excellent for constructing walls, floors, and roofs because of its low weight, resilience, and high insulating value. 

The carbon footprint of a building built using hempcrete is small and resistant to fire, insects, and mildew.

Because it weighs less than regular concrete, shipping expenses for hempcrete are lower. Hempcrete’s capacity to be used without adverse environmental effects is a significant benefit. 

Hemp is a renewable and sustainable construction material since it can be grown rapidly with minimal inputs of pesticides and fertilizers. 

15. Slate Roofing

Slate is a naturally occurring rock that is used to create a variety of roofing materials. Its endurance, weather resilience, and fire resistance makes it a desirable roofing material. Slate is a kind of stone that originates from the combination of volcanic ash and clay. 

It is extracted from the ground in huge blocks, which are sawn into thin slabs and then fashioned into roofing tiles of varying sizes and thicknesses. 

When laying slate tiles on a roof, it is common practice to overlap and nail them down. Slate roofs have several benefits that make them superior to other roofing options. 

With care and upkeep, its lifespan can extend to over a century. It can withstand heat, flame, and even hurricane-force winds, making it an excellent option for construction in places with extreme weather.

Eco Friendly Building Materials

16. Earth-Packed Tires  

The sustainable construction method using earth-packed tires, often known as “earthships,” uses used automobile tires. 

The tires are easily accessible; you can retrieve them from places like tire stores and landfills. Tire walls are very insulating, so they keep the interior at a consistent temperature without mechanical heating or air conditioning.

Moreover, dwellings and other buildings made from earth-packed tires are secure and long-lasting. Fire, insects, or severe weather do not easily damage them. Furthermore, you may alter them to reflect the owner’s style while maintaining their distinctive and eye-catching look.

17. Plant-Based Polyurethane Rigid Foam

In place of petroleum, plant-based polyurethane rigid foam is an insulating foam produced from renewable plant sources. You may also find polyurethane foam made from plants to use as insulation instead of the conventional ones.

Insulation constructed from kelp, hemp, and bamboo is very good at preventing heat transfer and moisture transfer. It is widely employed in the construction industry as a means of thermal insulation for use in walls, roofs, and other locations.

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Furthermore, it insulates buildings, containers, and vehicles for transporting perishable goods.

18. Cob

Cob is an eco-friendly building material that is simple to deal with, making it a good option for anybody looking to construct their own eco-friendly house. Europe has a long history of using cob, a construction material made of clay soil combined with sand and straw. 

The material may be shaped directly and dried in the sun without a frame. Saving money on monthly electricity costs is a nice side effect of living in a cob home because of the reduced heat transmission rate.

19. Adobe Bricks

Adobe bricks is an old material used today because of their durability and environmental friendliness. Adobe bricks are manufactured from clay and straw and are commonly used in the Americas and the Middle East. 

The use of adobe insulation, like that of other natural materials, aids in maintaining a comfortable indoor climate. Builders combine clay, sand, and straw to create them and then press the material into bricks to dry in the sun. 

While constructing a house, adobe brick offers several benefits. It helps to insulate a structure, keeping the inside cool in the summer and warm in the winter, and costs very little. However, the usage of adobe bricks presents several difficulties because of their susceptibility to deterioration due to water damage.

Eco Friendly Building Materials

20. Timbercrete

Timbercrete is an eco-friendly building material made by mixing concrete with sawdust or other types of wood waste. This material produces a firm but pliable material with excellent insulating properties. 

Sawdust and concrete are combined to make blocks, which may be utilized for structural purposes, including erecting walls, flooring, and ceilings. The insulating qualities of timbercrete are one of its many benefits.

The insulating characteristics of timbercrete are one of its many benefits. Sawdust mixed with concrete produces an insulating substance that may be used to cut down on energy costs. As it weighs so tiny, it is used to make buildings lighter and hence cheaper to construct.

21. Precast Concrete

The idea behind this eco-friendly building construction is to construct buildings somewhere and bring them where they are needed.

Precast concrete is created using sustainable ingredients and recycled when its useful life is through. It can lessen the project’s environmental impact by cutting down on waste and boosting productivity on the job site.

Precast concrete, in general, is a versatile and environmentally friendly material with various applications in the construction industry. It is a cost-effective, efficient, and long-lasting option. It is used in many construction projects.

22. Insulated Concrete Forms

While constructing an eco-friendly structure, one option is to employ insulated concrete forms (ICFs). This eco-friendly building material is a structural support system and an insulating material. They are filled with concrete to provide sturdy and long-lasting building material. 

Insulating concrete forms (ICFs) are a green option for construction since they may be recycled or reused after their initial purpose has been served. As a bonus, they aid in cutting waste and boosting productivity on the job site. These bonuses can minimize the project’s overall carbon impact.

23. Lime Plaster

Lime plaster is a wall covering created by combining hydrated lime, sand, and water. It’s a coating that goes on the inside and outside of structures. Lime plaster has been used for hundreds of years because of its numerous positive qualities, such as its longevity, breathability, and aesthetic appeal. 

Like other eco-friendly building materials, lime plaster is produced entirely from locally sourced, non-toxic, renewable ingredients. Moreover, it decomposes naturally when its useful life is up. It is easy to recycle or dispose of when it comes.


A wide variety of eco friendly building materials are available for home construction. Energy efficiency and reduced environmental impact are a few of the many advantages they have. These materials excel above their traditional counterparts in the construction industry.

By opting for these sustainable materials, homeowners may lessen their negative influence on the environment. Using them can also improve the quality of their indoor air and save money on their monthly energy bills.

Ogbo Godfrey
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